How many times have you been on the road, without anywhere to do laundry? Whether it’s homesteading, camping, a road trip or some other adventure, nobody wants to be caught wearing dirty clothes.

Laundromats can be expensive and difficult to find, especially if you are driving through the country. Many hotels don’t offer laundry services unless you are willing to pay an arm and a leg. If you live off-grid or are worried about your energy consumption, maybe a traditional laundry machine won’t work for you.

Luckily, I’ve got a DIY project to solve this problem. It’s cheap and easy to make a portable washing machine to use off grid or bring on the go. In fact, I was able to purchase the supplies (not including the drill and drill bits) for less than $20!

With a few basic items, that you may even have lying around, you won’t have to worry about being caught without clean clothes again.


  • 2 x 5-gallon buckets
  • 1 x lid that fits the 5-gallon bucket
  • 1 x plunger, 1 x drill, 1 x drill bit (I used 1/8” but you can use larger)
  • 1 x hole saw bit (1 1/2”)

DIY washing machine

Step 1

First, you’ll need to choose one bucket to the be the inner “basket” for your clothes. Use the drill bit to carefully drill holes into the side of the bucket. Stabilize the bucket to prevent it from slipping while you are drilling.

DIY washing machine

Make sure that the holes are not too close together so that you can maintain the structural integrity of the bucket. You also don’t want the holes too far apart. The holes are where the water will drain after you have washed the clothes. If you don’t have enough holes for the water to drain out, it might take a while.

Don’t forget to drill holes into the bottom of the bucket, too!

DIY washing machine

Step 2

While you still have the drill bit attached, drill several holes in the head of the plunger. Like the bucket, you want enough holes so that water can move through the plunger but not too many holes so that it loses its strength.

The holes allow a route for the soap and water to escape from the plunger’s suction, so that the water becomes soapy. It basically replaces the agitator in a normal washing machine.

DIY washing machine

Step 3

Use the hole saw bit to make a hole in the center of the top of the bucket lid. The arm of the plunger will stick out through this hole so that you can easily access it. Make sure it is centered and not off to the side, or this might affect the efficacy of the washing machine.

Be very careful to stabilize the lid before you drill. The hole saw works quickly but won’t grip the plastic lid unless you use enough pressure. You don’t want it to slip and get injured.

DIY washing machine

Step 4

Place your dirty clothes into the “basket” bucket with the holes, and then put the “basket” bucket into the second bucket that is intact. In my case that is the red bucket. Fill a little less than halfway with water and add in powdered laundry detergent. You should use biodegradable soap since the water will be running off into the environment.

For this example, I comfortably washed 1x t-shirt, 1x pair of men’s boxers, 1x pair of socks, and 2x dish rags. I could have fit more items in the washing machine, but the clothes were dirty, so I wanted them to get some extra attention.

DIY washing machine

Step 5

Put the plunger in the “basket” bucket on top of the clothes and then the arm of the plunger through the lid. Close the lid securely so that water and suds do not escape.

DIY washing machine

Step 6

Plunge, plunge, plunge! Use the plunger exactly how you would on a toilet. The plunger will work as an agitator and the water will soon begin to get soapy. I recommend plunging for at least 5 minutes, but 10 minutes may be necessary if your clothes have stains or are particularly dirty.

DIY washing machine

Step 7

Open the laundry machine and take the “basket” bucket out of the second bucket. Let the water drain. Rinse thoroughly until water runs clear and garments are no longer soapy.

DIY washing machine

You can have a helper hold the bucket while you rinse the clothes, or you can set it on the ground. You can also hang the bucket to make it easier.

DIY washing machine

Step 8

Reverse the buckets so that the second bucket is inside of the “basket” bucket. Sit on top of the bucket and use the pressure to squeeze out extra water from your clothes. This pressure is in lieu of a spin cycle but works just as well!

DIY washing machine

Step 9

Remove freshly cleaned clothes and let them air dry!

DIY washing machine

Helpful Tips & Suggestions

This contraption really works, and my clothes came out looking and smelling great. I don’t mind sitting on the bucket, but you can always add a “spin cycle” to drain extra water if you prefer. To do this, tie up your “basket” bucket to a tree and spin it quickly so that the water runs out.

Depending on the plunger that you purchase for this project, you may need a different size hole saw bit. I’ve found that 1 ½ inch is large enough to fit most plungers without any issues, but there may be an exception out there. If you are worried about it, you can always size up. Alternatively, if you don’t have a hole saw bit, you can poke a hole through the plastic lid by some other means. All you need is for the plunger handle to fit out the top, it doesn’t have to look pretty.

Don’t overfill your bucket! This project is a great solution for a cheap and easy laundry machine that you can bring on the go, but it isn’t indestructible. If you over fill the “basket” bucket your clothes may not get as clean, and it might over-flow with suds.

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